The Edge of Sadness by Edwin O’Connor

A 600 plus page fictional story of an Irish family and Father Kennedy’s pastoral life. Fascinating use of Irish humor and Russian pessimism from an American author.  I would like to say a hidden gem of American literature – but it was published in 61 and won the pulitzer prize in 62….so perhaps only hidden from me.  Captures a generation of relationships thru the eyes of Father Kennedy, including the shallowness of a Seinfeld character to the depths of life’s search for meaning.

Rating:  10 of 10 for Catholics (must read).  8 of 10 for everyone else.

Review of Resistence to Evil

June 26 marks the birthday of one of the great pioneers of liturgical reform in North America: Virgil Michel, OSB (he was born in 1890— happy 126th, Virgil!). He made a great many contributions to the liturgical movement throughout his career, but arguably the most significant was the connection he relentlessly drew between liturgy and […]

via Justice, Evil, and Worship – Remembering Virgil Michel, OSB — Daily Theology

The Energy of Prayer: How to deepen your spiritual practice by Thich Nhat Hanh

A renowned Vietnamese Zen master dicusses the power of prayer and meditation and its impact on the self.  Draws from all religions (Budhism, Christianity, Islam) and secular taught meditation.  Hammers and chisels away  at the limiting words we use to define the creator, the ultimate absolute being and where we may direct our prayers: G_d, Yahwey, Buddha, Allah.
Regardless of your chosen faith he makes the case for deep, conscientous, practiced prayer and meditation.  He even at one point reviews The Lords Prayer line by line to pullout mindful and insightful thought on each line.  The three great religions are monothiestic.  Lets assume they are all right.  Our paths to a universal absolute being may vary, but our aim the same.  In the end, compassion, love, and present moment awareness and action reign supreme.  How to live this way takes practice.  Rating: 8

“Odi ergo sum. I hate therefore I am” : The two sides of Islamic belief

“Odi ergo su.” is a quote  from Umberto Eco, author of The Prague Cemetery (I book and author I do not know).   It is easy to see how extremist in our society and around the world thrive on hatred.  Below is a critical and biased view of Islam based on several readings I have read the last two days.  It summarizes I believe why and how non-muslims fear (and sometimes hate) Muslims.  It is biased and raises questions that when raised  people accuse the questioner of being prejudicial.  I accept that risk and ask that if you respond please do so with kindness, compassion, and information that can help all readers understand Islam.  I also request that non-muslims reading this not use it to promote hatred as well.  It is an amatuer review.  A starting place.    Is Islam a religion of peace or of violence?

The Story of Mohammed Islam Unveiled by Harry Richardson is a 99 cents purchase that I bought by error while attempting to buy another book (The Sealed Nectar | Biography of Prophet Muhammad) which is only 3.99.   Unfortunately the latter book is quite long and may take me awhile to review.  Perhaps the easiest review of Muhammad and Catholics is “Understanding Islam:  A guide For Catholic Educators[i].   Obviously not an unbiased source but I am obligated to provide it given my own faith.

Richardson’s book is a compilation of attacks on the origins of the Prophet Muhammad.  He provides a two prong attack that is quite successful despite a somewhat amateurish presentation (that also can entice unprepared readers to accept his positions uncritically).  His premise is if the world was educated on Muhammad’s true biography they would understand better the threat Islam presents to society and freedom.  Prong one looks at Muhammad’s use of warfare and Jihad.  Prong two looks at present day Islam and it’s conundrum of moderates being silenced by the actual scripture of the Koran and other books and the Prophets teaching.  I do not recommend this book, however, it has ignited my interest in how society in general and Muslims in particular, can explain and detail the life of the Prophet Muhammad. The book also cites multiple examples of how Islam and the Prophets name are utilized to promote conquest, violence, oppression and other atrocities.  If I were looking to be anti-muslim this is the book.  One reviewer put it this way:

“Now, if you are however an Islamophobe, you will LOVE this book, because it will give you what you want to believe, even though the information in it is contrary to the truth of what Islam is and Muslims are. This book succeeds in making Islam the enemy, and for people who need an enemy to reinforce their identity, this book will make Muslims as morally repugnant as is Islamophobically possible.  Odi ergo sum- I hate therefore I am – really sums up this book.”[ii]

For a counter check I watched a 42 minute video on Muhammad that treats him as a Prophet.  This film is clearly an apologist pro-Islam film.  Angel Gabriel visited Muhammad and gave a new message of hope and serenity.[iii]  Born in 570 0f the Common Era according to history channel video on Muhammad?  Note the dropping of 570 AD.  He was raised as an orphan within a culture of Arab spiritual beliefs that honored many Gods.   He officially became God’s messenger in the year of 610 as a father of 5 daughters.  He received several revelations from God.  From his received revelations came the Koran – God’s Holy Book.  Armed with the Koran and Muhammad, the poetry of the Koran began to win followers from other tribes.  The words became music.  Muhammad claims return to one true God – Allah, the God of Abraham, of the Jews, the God of Jesus Christ.  The video describes him a mild mannered merchant!  Monotheism is back.  Islam as an act of surrender to God’s will.

Muhammad faced criticism from the clerics of the day.  Violence and torture ensued.   Arabs were divided.  His wife and uncle died.  His followers were being persecuted.  On a night in 620 he received another vision of all previous prophets (a unifying vision) that led him to leave Mecca.  He fled just as the other sects agreed to assassinate him.  Medina is born.  A community bound together by a faith and by agreement.  The Torah and the gospels have become distorted.  Pray towards Mecca not Jerusalem.

Now, the new prophet, Muhammad, serves as messenger of God for Islam and as head of state.  The video at 24 minutes in gently prepares why and how Muhammad became to lead an army for the defense of Islam.  Jihad is born.  Justice and armed defense is now back.  It is used as a struggle for the survival of Islam – to establish peace.  Respond as necessary with financial, military, whatever is needed to defend Islam.  For Muhammad, having left Mecca with his followers and going to a new land without resources, he (by decree of Allah), turned to Jihad of attacking and raiding other tribes as a “defense” of Islam!  The battle of Badr Muhammad shows both military strength compassion at the same time!  Muhammad reportedly prayed:

“God this is Quraish. It has come with all its arrogance and boastfulness, trying to discredit Thy Apostle. God, I ask Thee to humiliate them tomorrow. God, if this Muslim band will perish today, Thou shall not be worshipped.[iv]

Islam uses this battle today as part of their foundation of being predestined, being the truth, the one way.   It seems to sidestep the idea that they were not being attacked but were attacking a caravan with intent to plunder and steal resources.  Medina and Mecca would war for a few more years – and the video presents this as Medina struggling for its survival.  Again it ducks the issue that it is Medina that was the aggressor against Muhammad’s former home.  In the year of 630 Islam marched on Mecca.  He destroyed 365 Idols and vanquished falsehoods.  He brought peace to Arabia.  Islamic enlightenment and the word of Islam spread and blossomed!  Muhammad’s life remains the ideal for Islam.  The video ends with how extremist misuse verses of the Koran for violence and leave out Muhammad’s message for compassion and forgiveness.  However, the video ducks the question of a vision of Islam that only allows for compassion and forgiveness for those that accept Islam?

“If they were polytheists they could resist and be executed or enslaved, or they could accept the message of monotheism and recognize Muhammad as the prophet of God. Jews and Christians, since they were monotheists whose prophets were recognized as forerunners of Muhammad, were given the possibility of submitting to Muhammad’s authority and paying a special tax, the jizyah, based on the qur’anic verse in Surah 9:29, in return for the freedom to practice their religions within certain limits. This became the practice of Muslim conquerors in the centuries following Muhammad’s death.”[v]

That being said:

“The Church regards with esteem also the Moslems. They adore the one God, living and subsisting in Himself; merciful and all- powerful, the Creator of heaven and earth,(5) who has spoken to men; they take pains to submit wholeheartedly to even His inscrutable decrees, just as Abraham, with whom the faith of Islam takes pleasure in linking itself, submitted to God. Though they do not acknowledge Jesus as God, they revere Him as a prophet. They also honor Mary, His virgin Mother; at times they even call on her with devotion. In addition, they await the day of judgment when God will render their deserts to all those who have been raised up from the dead. Finally, they value the moral life and worship God especially through prayer, almsgiving and fasting.[vi] 

And Muslim leaders have responded in kind with a “Common Word. “[vii]

Despite these overtures of our leadership in both theological paradigms, there remains the conflict of Islam’s actions and development as a nation of peace and compassion.   Our own Pope is limited between the olive branch and the reality of Islam today.[viii]  At the root of Islam is a drive to conquer and establish Islamic rules that promote a just and peaceful society as defined by Islam.   The ends justify the means.  While Christians made the same error at times thru the Crusades and other acts – they did not have justification from the Gospels.  Islam has justification built into the Koran and the life of Muhammad.

As for it being the religion of peace “The Quran contains at least 109 verses that call Muslims to war with nonbelievers for the sake of Islamic rule. Some are quite graphic, with commands to chop off heads and fingers and kill infidels wherever they may be hiding. Muslims who do not join the fight are called ‘hypocrites’ and warned that Allah will send them to Hell if they do not join the slaughter.[ix]  And its early growth was based on armed conquest.

Islam does not have one leader or one body and cannot address this conflict of presentation.  I believe most Muslims are peaceful and compassionate people and are taught the fundamental peaceful aspects of Islam – but lurking underneath is this fundamental oppressive theology that drives belief on repression, conquest, and limiting freedom.   Non-Muslims are treated as the enemy.

Perhaps “The Sealed Nectar” will provide me greater insight into Islam.   Perhaps educated theologians or Muslim believers will provide response that enlightens this contradiction.


[ii] Review by ReemK10 @ good reads









Amoris Laetitia: The Joy of Love by Pope Francis


On a trip to MercyHurst University in PA for a Dance festival for pre-professional dancers I was able to get some reading time and prayer time in on the beautiful campus in different nooks and crannies on the campus, mostly unobserved and left alone.  The Joy of Love On Love in the Family tackles a broad range of difficult Catholic teachings (Secular society, Abortion, Marriage, Sexuality and Gender, Euthanasia, Racism, Social Inequality, and other challenges of our day) and lays out the Catholic position in its most idealistic form in a manner that simultaneously defends the doctrines of faith while also embracing the humility, compassion, and mercy that are evident in the teachings of Jesus Christ.


Chapel off to side of main church

“There is not family that does not know how selfishness, discord, tension and conflict violently attack and at times mortally wound its own communion:  hence there arise the many forms of division in the family life.”  Pg. 84.

“We have to realize that all of us are a complex mixture of light and shadows.” Pg. 87

How do we contend with the varied individual forces, societal forces, our own limitations and dare I say “Devil’s” influence?


The Blessing statue

Faith and prayer, Trust in the trinity of Jesus Christ, The Holy Spirit, and The Father.  The first two are within us and the latter three are things we may seek and things we may be open to receive.  That blend of seeking and being open to receiving is a simple conundrum. Catholic teaching is clear that God is there all the time – all we need to do is open our eyes and our hearts.

20160604_184442It is not that easy to do for some of us or perhaps most of us.

Pope Francis delves into detail on the vital importance of Love in the family, Love in the community, and in the Church.

He does so with the full expectation that we will all fall short in many areas of spiritual ascendency.  He teaches on resiliency, on forgiveness, on support, on pastoral caring, on mercy.

We should embrace “even those who have made shipwreck of their lives.”  Pg. 148.  “Let us not forget that the church’s task is often like that of a field hospital.”  Pg. 219.  How depressing! And, am I on the gurney or helping carry one?  Probably both.

The importance of self-reflection and discernment are discussed. The latter in detail on page 229.  Perhaps some time with Mary will help?

Grotto at Student Union

We can be quick to judge when we get a taste of our own spirituality or an ounce of spiritual blessing.  Very rapidly this can be turned against us as we encounter moral outrage at perceived ungodliness or evil of the “other.”  There is no other.  In everyone there is somewhere the face of Jesus Christ.  That is not to say evil does not exist – it does – but people are not black and white.   “The imputability and responsibility for an action can be diminished or even nullified by ignorance, inadvertence, duress, fear, habit, inordinate attachments, and other psychological or social factors.”  Pg. 230. How is that for taking every situation into context when contrasting people’s actions with the ideal to the context of their everyday lives?  Pope Francis clear to not change dogma for relativism, but he is equally clear to use pastoral wisdom, judgement, and mercy when encountering the less than ideal.

Pope Francis returns to the theme of social love (pg. 252) and all its meaning in our interactions within the family and outside the family and the symbolic and literal relationship to the blessed trinity.

If you can pass this on to others – and they can hear you – and join Christ – you have Kerygma.  “It is not great knowledge, but rather the ability to feel and relish things interiorly that contents and satisfies the soul.”  Pg. 157.

However, our end goal is not satisfaction or renunciation of satisfaction.  Our end goal is being closer to God. We may not understand our dissatisfaction or challenges.  We may doubt our ability to meet them.  Yet we cannot be passive.  We cannot be silent.  We most strive while always taking time to reflect – is this striving the path that God has intended – and ask – in prayer – is this the way?

Thursday, Friday and Saturday I enjoyed an abundance of food, of performed dances (27 performances), and countless youth being youth – laughing, striving, performing.  We drove over 600 miles including a pretty massive storm.  We arrived at our destinations safely to and fro and everyone to my knowledge experienced personal success and growth.

The dances were imbued with artistry and passion. Infused with life.  And with mystery. We did not speak about God or religion.  That does not mean the Trinity was not present.  What a gift I have had this weekend.

The Wisdom of the Desert by Thomas Merton



Book Review:  A collection of anecdotal stories, parables, or sayings from the Hermits of Scete as collected by and scribed by Thomas Merton.  The Hermits formed an important thread in the fourth century by capturing Christian contemplation and prayer as they sought out solitude in the desert.

The humility and passion of these Hermits exceeds current day monasteries.  I like the story where one elder says “I have put out the flames of lust, and avarice, and vainglory.” The second elder says really?  After a series of questions about how how he has come to this conclusion, the second elder is able to say, after each inquiry, “You see, the passion is alive.  But it is bound.”

The latter draws out the challenges of living a holy life within our secular society today where we are bombarded with materialistic values or status pyramids that are devoid of any relation to our spiritual beliefs.

The book is really brief and has multiple very short entries that are worthy of contemplation and thought. In its simplicity it boils choices down to does this action bring me closer to God?

Thomas Merton says “We need to learn from these men of the fourth century how to ignore prejudice, defy compulsion, and strike out fearlessly into the unknown.”  Merton is not recommending we return to the desert and live as hermits.  He is recommending we return to the Gospels, to contemplation, to prayer, to discernment,  and transcend from where our elders have left off.

I am not a Merton scholar. Mysticism is often avoided by lay Catholics as a term, yet our faith is based on mystery of the trinity and the importance of prayer and contemplation.

His early writings are considered quite Orthodox. His later writings are viewed a little more suspiciously as he was exposed to Buddhist monks and found their prayer and his prayer had many similarities in depth and meaning.

This is why Catholicism, while embracing theologians, scholars, philosophy, and science always returns to its sacred roots of the the Gospels for guidance.  Does it bring you closer to God?

My answser for this book is yes.  Yours maybe different!

Here is a link to his multiple writings:




The Trinity


The Father gives us life, Jesus gives us salvation, and the Holy Spirit gives us love.[i]

In an article entitled The Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity Loyola press presents the Trinity in simple and easy to grasp language.  Catholics, agnostics, atheist, and cynics can easily over complicate Christianity by delving into our religiosity, our application of our beliefs, and our explanation theologically and historically of the life of Jesus Christ.

The latter is evidence of our frailty and humanness as conveyors of spirituality as opposed to evidence of the non-existence of a God.   St. Augustine words put it this way when referencing philosophers and the natural world:   “This in turn leads them into an extreme blind perversity, where they will even ascribe to you what is theirs, blaming you, who are the Truth, for their own lies, and changing the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of corruptible humans, or birds or four-footed beast or crawling things.”[ii]  It is easy to get lost in mankind’s rhetorical madness.

Take out the Catholic semantic language and description of the “Godhead,” three entities that are metaphysically one.  What would be left is a universal spirituality that defies definition (mystery), that man attempts to understand and convey through language and acts (religion and practice), and an on-going relationship that is dynamically present (love). But all we have is our human faculties?   We are limited by our language, our mortality, and our comprehension.    I would argue that we have the Trinity.   We have its simplicity in the Gospels.  And if through reductionism we avoided instilling them with our political or personal driven egos, we would have a clear vision of truth that could be nurtured to have a more compassionate, merciful, and spiritual world.  Our world is not simple.

New Horizons NASA satellite has provided us photos of Pluto.[iii]  It took ten years to reach.  In the face of the magnitude of our limitations it is easy to retreat to convolutedness, helplessness, and abject failure to obtaining and nurturing a cohesive unity of spirit.

Dietrich Von Hildebrand spent a chapter on “True Simplicity”[iv] where he paradoxically points out that “The character of simplicity (in the sense of a condensation of being) grows along the ascending hierarchy of the cosmos until it culminates in the one eternal Word of God, in quo est omnis plenitude divinitatis (“in whom all plentitude of divinity”) that illuminates the face of Christ.    He makes a very strong case that you can live a spiritually unified life, driven by the simplicity of Jesus Christ’s message, while living in a complex world and cosmos that we barely have a thimble of knowledge of it breadth, depth and scope.

The Loyola press article is below.  Read its simple message on the Trinity while recognizing the avalanche of complexity that awaits the unprepared wayfarer.



[ii] The confessions, St. Augustine, pg. 117.


[iv] Transformation In Christ by Dietrich Von Hildebrand

Paradiso by Dante Alighieri


“In fashion then as of a snow-white rose

Displayed itself to me the saintly host…”(Canto XXXI)

In Canto XXXI, the Glory of Paradise, the snow-white rose is portrayed.  It struck me immediately as being a representation of the Eucharist[i], though Dante’s depiction defines it as pedals of ancient believers (pre-Christ) and believer’s post-Christ.    The snow-white rose presents a symbol within the larger poetical allegory of the continuity of our faith over the centuries as captured by innumerable references that Dante draws in from his many mentors, history, and theology of that time period.  The power of the image was transformative for me, though not in the way Dante intended.[ii] 

Why the complete work (The Divine Comedy:  Inferno, Purgatory, Paradiso by Dante Alighieri) was recommended by Pope Francis for the Year of Mercy was a mystery for me personally.  As I plowed through Inferno and Purgatorio, although impressed with the poetic masterpiece, I was rather under the impression of the Divine Comedy being a comedic joke on our ill-fated human temperament and meager attempts at holiness seemingly lacking in any humility. It is comedic if we are not blinded by tears of pain as we witness our lack of humanity every day.   

However, The Divine Comedy is about stories that start poorly and end well.    In Paradiso, Dante is able to bring his imaginative poetic license to life in his vision on the order and essence of heaven.  Critically, it is limited by his humanity and human reference.  The heavens he describes are staffed by saints and patrons that will be familiar.  The unfolding of revelations and the struggle to comprehend what he sees and hears is meticulously detailed.. 

The three stories play with time. You can read them and see current day tragedy and comedy.  You can read them and meditate on the past or the future or the celestial.   Bishop Robert Baron wrote an article in The Catholic World Report on the work called “The Spiritual Master Pope Francis wants you to Read.”[iii] It is clear in that article that he supported the Pope’s recommendation.  Gerard Korson wrote a similar recommendation in the Catholic Pulse.[iv]  In that article he quotes Pope Francis:

“The aim of the Comedy is primarily practical and transformative.  It does not only seek to be beautifully and morally good poetry, but effectively able to change man radically leading him from chaos to wisdom, from sin to holiness, from poverty to happiness, from contemplating the horrors of hell to the beatitudes of paradise.”

The expression of desire and human frailty, the yearning for the divine, the searching for eternal truths, and the quest for perfection is so beyond my reach that no human defined need can quench my hunger.  They are bound to disappoint if I anoint them with idol power to define my happiness or being. 

Love resides within me and outside of me, elusive and tangible, translucent and transparent, is mine and not mine.  When it is truly authentic and divinely inspired, the odds are, I had very little to do with it except being able to receive it or give it away, for it was never mine to begin with since the beginning of time.  It runs through you quicker than human recognition can grasp, leaving only an imprint of warmth, that something special has just touched your heart and your soul.      

In the end, my review of the work will be a direct quote from Paradiso:

 “The universal fashion of this knot

Methinks I saw, since more abundantly

In saying this I feel rejoice.”  (Canto XXXIII)



[ii] Who defines the image: the writer or the artist, the viewer or art teacher, or perhaps even revelation individually defined?    





“Can We Write a History of Jesus?” by Rev. Jerome Murphy O-Connor[i]

historical Jesus

A gem of a presentation by Rev. Jerome Murphy O-Connor that in 11 brief pages or about 25 minutes of lecture tackles the slippery slope of historical criticism of scripture, its history, and impact on the current day church.  Rev. O’Connor describes the descent of the validity of scripture in light of literary and historical criticism and the re-emergence of scripture, or the ascent, using the same constructs to validate the historical experience of Jesus Christ.[ii]

The gap between the historical life of Jesus Christ and the nailing down of the four accepted gospels relied on oral tradition, on followers and witnesses to the life of Jesus.  As the early church spread Paul said “Do not despise prophets,” but he says, “test everything.” In other words, prophets spoke in the early church in the context of suspicion.”  Rev.  O’Connor provided a neat little presentation that integrates the historical life of Jesus Christ, oral tradition, synthesis of scripture, and answers to several avenues of criticism to the biblical text that is refreshingly accessible to the average reader.

Of course, simplification may leave other questions unanswered.  However, an excellent presentation that avoids delving into the tedious distinctions and overlap of disciplines and perspectives of theologians, epistemologist, archeologist, literary scholars and other disciplines of rigorous analysis.

The battle between science and religion are often ideologically driven by unnecessary separation due to the distinction between the “knowable and the “unknowable.”  However, each can guide each other and support each other whether analyzing the life and times of Jesus Christ and the origins of scripture or the application of science and medicine to human life today.

Just Friday (4/29/2016) Pope Francis urged integration and connectedness between morality and science:

Today more than ever we see the urgent need for an education that not only develops students’ intellectual abilities, but also ensures integral human formation and a professionalism of the highest degree. From this pedagogical perspective, it is necessary in medical and life sciences to offer interdisciplinary courses which provide ample room for a human formation supported by ethical criteria. Research, whether in academia or industry, requires unwavering attention to moral issues if it is to be an instrument which safeguards human life and the dignity of the person. Formation and research, therefore, aspire to serve higher values, such as solidarity, generosity, magnanimity, sharing of knowledge, respect for human life, and fraternal and selfless love…….. when the mechanism of profit prevails over the value of human life. This is why the globalization of indifference must be countered by the globalization of empathy.[iii]





“Inspired by the Divine Spirit”

44,717 Days: 


On September 30, 1943, 18,212 days after Pope Leo XIII’s “The God of all Providence,” Pope Pius XII issued “Inspired by the Divine Spirit” known as Divino Affante Spiritu. [i] This encyclical built on “The God of all Providence,” which is listed by Catholic Exchange as one of 7 Papal Encyclicals that changed the world.[ii]

Pope Pius XII need not be insulted not being listed in the top ten as he did pen 42 encyclicals.  Today, 26,505 days later, six Popes later (and only 34 encyclicals amongst them[iii]), the power of “Inspired by the Divine Spirit” is almost taken for granted.  The text promoted and encouraged Catholics to partake in “genuine biblical scholarship”[iv]  Catholicism struggled with unleashing its followers to apply historical and textual criticism to the sacred test or divine books.

However, these two encyclicals combined advanced the call to lay people to think critically, explore scripture diligently, and discern God’s revelations within the text with discipline.  Catholics were called to understand their faith on a deeper level, and to not just accept the surface presentation, but to delve deep into the text, the context, the literary devices, and the overall intent of every word passed down to us by our traditions.

It opened up the flood gates for believers to transcend a perception of the divine books as being dead letters confined to history, to meaningful, living guidepost to a modern world.  This encyclical may have paved the way for Vatican II and for St. John XXIII, St. John Paul II, and even our current Pope Francis.

It is no longer anathema to question teachings, to dialogue on interpretation, to seek out guidance and to apply rigorous analysis to our beliefs.  Pope Pius XII walked a tight rope here.  They did not give up the reigns on biblical interpretation and maintained the perfection of God’s message (inferring any error found in the text is an error of our own misinterpretation or application):

“On important issues of biblical interpreta­tion and the growth of tradition, Dei Verbum remains dialectical, reflecting its origin as a document combin­ing traditional perspectives with cautious openings to more progressive thought. The text states simultaneous­ly that the “magisterium,” the teaching office, is not above the Word of God but serves it, and continues: “The task of authentically interpreting the Word of God, whether written or handed on, has been entrusted exclu­sively to the living teaching office [magisterium] of the church” (No. 10). Thus the teaching office is simultane­ously the servant of the Word and its authentic inter­preter. An important and often overlooked passage states that the apostolic tradition develops in the church with the help of the Holy Spirit, “through the contem­plation and study made by believers who treasure these things in their hearts; through an intimate understanding of the spiritual realities they experience, and through the preaching of those who through episcopal succession have received the sure gift of truth” (No.8). Study, reli­gious experience and community discernment are thus an important part of the development of tradition. Episcopal teaching is part of a larger process of growth rather than its sole agent.”

Chew on those words for a while!   In human speak it says to me the church welcomes historical and contextual criticisms of the divine word.  It also calls on believers to throw themselves into the wealth of traditions and scripture passed down to us.  At the same time, it calls for the church to make sure its clergy are well educated, well trained, and at the forefront of guarding and interpretation divine text.  It further maintains a circular authority of the church being in the service of the word and at the same time guided by the Holy Spirit, making the magisterium the final arbiter of all things theological.  None the less at the same time it elevates the community to practice discernment.  The latter will influence the magisterium and the magisterium the former, and if truly divinely inspired and guided by the Holy Spirit, true discernment will deliver and reveals God’s intent.

The end is a powerful, dialectical, living church that is not at odds with itself, with its progressive and conservative legacies.  A church that is dynamically entrenched in the spirit of the word and is applied to the present moment and discerned through a spiritual lens that utilizes all the tools that modernity has to offer while embracing the unfolding mysteries of our faith.  That is what people thought Vatican II would bring about and yet the Church is struggling today.  Education in history, religion, and prayer is not sufficient today to promote Catholics to be prepared to embark on the very journey the encyclicals speak about wayfarers embracing.

We have a poverty of time (in addition to food, housing, education, healthcare) that undermines our ability to distil genuine and authentic spirituality from the synthetics that spring up on every street corner (serving as tax shelters for residentially depressed areas) or the politician promising deliverance from evil doers.

44717 days since “The God of All Providence” and we still have internal contentious debates on the religiosity of all things big and small rather than on stillness and silence to deliver us discernment on the critical issues of the day.    Our Popes have issued nearly 300 encyclicals and a number of them are on social justice issues and a call to action.   The combination is challenging when the pews are filled with people with short attention spans and facing a poverty of time and ambition.   Without these encyclicals I would probably not have the benefit of reading and interpreting scripture historically or contextually.  If you are Catholic, patience is a virtue.












Defining revelation for me is very challenging.  I have broken it down into four levels and one huge spiritual barrier. It is more personal and real.  It is not driven by the “Book of Revelation.”  I am not a mystic – though I sometimes wish I could be.  Than again, be careful what you wish for – you may get what you ask!

The first level that comes to mind is revelations that others have had (fathers of the church, the original apostles, martyrs, saints, Popes, and theologians).  Their experiences hover above and out of reach.

The second level is the New Testament and the parables of Jesus Christ serve as a basis point for reflections.  Interpretations by others help as well.  These are more educationally inspired and didactic in nature.  Scripture readings and the liturgy come into play here.  As well as celebrating the Sacraments.

The third level has been times in my life where I believe the hidden hand of God or the Holy Spirit has gently or not so gently knocked me on the head.  There have been fewer times when grace seemed overpowering.   Those very rare moments that dim with time and are susceptible to later doubts and criticisms of authenticity.     These have come at times of great turmoil or at times of extended and disciplined prayer life.  On the latter I am a light weight and drift in and out of prayer filled life.  The connectedness to an existential presence beyond my comprehension has been so fleeting and so rare that I can only call it a subjective spiritual journey.

Spiritual warfare comes into play for any revelation.  The dimming of a grace filled experience or increase of self-doubt.  There are many barriers to a sustained faith and openness to revelations.  Both the Old Testament and the New Testament are riddled for me with the challenges of historical context, biblical interpretation, purpose of literary devices, and the spiritual arc of development of people at the time of these revelations.   The wealth of Catholic dogma that has come after these revelations challenges me as well, both in its scope and in its accuracy.  Perhaps atheists are not born atheist – perhaps we create atheist with distorted scripture and over-zealous religiosity, institutionalized rigidity, and all too human leaders demonstrating unseemly hypocrisy?  (Presumptuous as not all atheist are atheist as a direct reaction to over-reaching believers – but in many ways we do not make it an easy bridge for others to find faith).  I contend with these contradictions by taking courses, reading, praying, and when I can get away on a retreat.    The Catechism also has this disconcerting guidance:

“The Christian economy, therefore, since it is the new and definitive Covenant, will never pass away; and no new public revelation is to be expected before the glorious manifestation of our Lord Jesus Christ.”28 Yet even if Revelation is already complete, it has not been made completely explicit; it remains for Christian faith gradually to grasp its full significance over the course of the centuries.[i]

For this we need the fourth level, outside all the above and guided by the unseen:   revelations in the eyes of children, hidden in the sounds of music, in a stroke of paint on a canvass, in nature, in love and compassion between people, and in acts of selflessness that exceed any hint of personal motivation or glory.   These are where I am most apt to find spiritual strength.



Contemplating Good and Evil

good and evil

Excerpt from “The Edge of Sadness” by Edwin O’Connor:

“We all share in a shattering duality — and by this I don’t mean that soggy, superficial split that one so often sees: the kind of thing, for example, where the gangster sobs uncontrollably at an old Shirley Temple movie. I mean the fundamental schism that Newman referred to when he spoke of man being forever involved in the consequences of some “terrible, aboriginal calamity”; everyday in every man there is a warfare of the parts.”

Although a work of fiction, this thought is a powerful image of our human condition, individually and collectively. What duality? Historically, we boil it down to Good and Evil, driven from original sin of Adam and Eve, and from Satan’s fall from the heavens. How we continue to reach for these archetypes and depict “others” as evil without consciousness of our own religious, cultural, political and nationalist bias is a greater calamity.

Friedrich Nietzsche challenged us to get beyond ourselves with his work, “Beyond Good and Evil.” Unfortunately, part of his views, were co-opted by Adolf Hitler and used in declaring the Aryan Race as superior. A failed artist with an imaginative idealism, armed with philosophical distortions, created one of the greatest atrocities known to mankind.

Trust not the religous scholar, the philosopher, the poet, the educator, the media, the political apparatus and certainly not the politician. How can we continue to fall for this fallacy of thinking.

Each of us have a responsibility to demand intellectual honesty, human dignity and human decency, and nothing less. And when tempted to claiming moral superiority, delve deep first into our own duality of intent. Is our intent truly for good for all humanity? Is this intent based on reasoned and relative morality supported by logical evidence? And if based on a higher spirituality, does the expression of our spirituality generally voiced by our religious traditions and dogmatic beliefs, consistently demonstrate goodness?

In the face of recent tragedies and historical residue of evils being resurrected, we need an epic revolutionary leap in human evolution.  Today’s NY times opinion demonstrates our shallow resolve:

For my catholic readers it is all about freedom:

love affair





%d bloggers like this: